What are number stations

What are Numbers Stations? (with pictures

What Are Numbers Stations? - YouTub

Number stations offer a powerful advantage in our modern world: practically complete anonymity. The recipient of the message can be almost anywhere in the world, and receive instructions without fear of being traced through a phone call or internet connection. All the recipient needs is a shortwave radio and to be in the right place at the right time. What is a VPN Why Use a VPN Choosing a VPN VPN Comparison Free VPNs VPN Reviews VPNs for Torrenting VPNs for Streaming Number stations are powerful radio transmitters broadcasting strange sounding transmissions at various times and on various frequencies, most likely for the purposes of clandestine military communication. Yet, despite this concise explanation.. According to Lifehacker, numbers stations are for spies and broadcast a series of numbers using shortwave AM stations. Numbers stations might be silent for hours (or days) until short nursery rhymes, morse code, or voices fill the frequency. Talk about bizarre

There are a number of stations throughout the country that play rock music. A person may also tune into rock stations through Internet radio providers There are many radio stations known as Radio Plus however one example would be the Radio Plus which is the number one radio station in the.. At noon, his space shuttle is going to launch into space. Brent and the other astronauts are going to travel to the International Space Station. The crew is going to continue research at the space station. They will do some experiments. They will record their data. They are also going to make.. The Lincolnshire Poacher was so named because of two bars from an English folk song of that name being used as an "interval signal". Specially designed interference-radiation free shortwave agent receiver type 32310. Detlev Vreisleben We first mentioned the The Numbers Station in 2011, when it was still being filmed. In this film, John Cusack's character, Emerson, has been given the task of protecting Katherine (Malin Akerman), the operator of a shortwave numbers station that broadcasts encrypted messages to operatives

On some stations, tones can be heard in the background. In such cases, the voice may simply be an aid to tuning to the correct frequency, with the actual coded message being sent by modulating the tones, using a technology such as burst transmission. Spy Numbers Stations are shortwave radio stations that are speculated to have been broadcasting since World War I. The true origin and purpose of them are unknown. A popular theory is that these stations are intended for spies in the field using a One Time Pad. Another theory is that they are used in drug smuggling operations. The "Atención" station was thought to be from Cuba, as a supposed error allowed Radio Havana Cuba to be carried on the frequency. Recordings of Shortwave Numbers Stations. Answers. What are disagrees? When you disagree with an answer The owner of it will not be notified. Only the user who asked this question will see who disagreed with this answer

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Explaining the 'Mystery' of Numbers Stations

The International Mobile station Equipment Identity number (IMEI) is a number used to identify a device that uses terrestrial cellular networks. And what is a terrestrial cellular network? you may ask. This is the network you use when you place a call on your cell phone or access an Internet connection.. 25 August 2015. prob. V22 Chinese number station. Anyway, me and Karapuz heard what is possibly the V22 station, or a Chinese number station, running in BPSK at 62.5Bd and in DQPSK at 62.5 and 250 Bd on 9611.5, 14941.0 and 15799.0 KHz USB/cf, as sumarized in the pictures below DOT by the Numbers Today, numbers stations remain a reality on shortwave radio, even in the Internet Age. The reason for these stations’ longevity isn’t hard to understand. Unlike communications over the internet that leave digital evidence (even in supposedly secure systems) for investigators to find, receiving instructions via shortwave numbers broadcasts leave no traces behind.

The spooky world of the 'numbers stations' - BBC New

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Numbers stations are unidentified radio broadcasts that consist usually of a mechanical voice “reading out strings of seemingly random numbers,” explained Lewis Bush, author of “Shadows of the State” a new history of numbers stations and the spies who run them. “These are sometimes accompanied by music, tones or other sound effects.” He said. “There are also related stations broadcasting in Morse Code and digital modes.”The moderator of an e-mail list for global numbers station hobbyists claimed, "Someone on the Spooks list had already cracked the code for a repeated transmission from Havana to Miami if it was received garbled." Such code-breaking is possible if a one-time pad decoding key is used more than once.If used properly, however, the code cannot be broken. “He was a radio enthusiast, and as a member of the royal family received permission to construct his own radio receiver,” said Goldmanis. “His first activities involving listening to numbers stations such as FL ‘Tour Eiffel’ from Paris, ICI from Cortona [Italy], and FSK from Moscow.”

Numbers Stations and Enigma Stations - Signal Identification Wik

Numbers stations are mysterious shortwave radio stations, broadcasting streams of numbers or letters using the phonetic alphabet, by voice, Morse or digital tones. The messages are usually groups of four or five numbers or letters and are typically repeated by reading each group twice or repeating the entire message. These stations are unlicensed high power HF transmitters, broadcasting worldwide in various formats and languages. OTTAWA, Ontario — “6-7-9-2-6. 5-6-9-9-0.” Tune across the shortwave bands (above AM/MW), and chances are you will come across a “numbers station.” There’s no programming to speak of; just a mechanical-sounding voice (male or female) methodically announcing seemingly random groups of single digit numbers for minutes on end.

In June 2009, the United States similarly charged Walter Kendall Myers with conspiracy to spy for Cuba and receiving and decoding messages broadcast from a numbers station operated by the Cuban Intelligence Directorate to further that conspiracy. The frequently reported use of high tech modulations like data bursts, in combination or in sequence with spoken numbers, suggests varying transmissions for differing intelligence operations.

The most popular number station naming system was devised by the European Numbers Information Gathering and Monitoring Assocation (ENIGMA), a number station research group active in 1993-2000, and later maintained by ENIGMA 2000. It was created to solve ambiguities in number station reporting, and classifies stations by language or type of signal. Each ENIGMA designator consists of an alphabetic prefix followed by an ordinary number. Telephone, Internet and even satellite transmissions can be monitored. E-mails can be intercepted and read. Some government agencies have the money and resources to monitor communications and trace both sender and receiver. An example is the huge ECHELON project which globally intercepts and identifies all kinds of communications. In times of conflict, countries can simply block the Internet or other communications, or even simply switch off satellites. There have been successful tests to destroy satellites with missiles, making satellite communications unreliable during a serious conflict. Or did you really believe to continue using telephone or Internet between, let's say, Russia and the United States, if they where at war with each other?“A Cuban Morse numbers station — M08a — was also cited in an FBI affidavit as being the channel for a husband and wife team, the Myers, who were arrested following shoddy operator discipline,” said Beaumont. “I think they used the internet and made reference to a received Morse transmission.”Times have changed and technology has evolved, but there's evidence that this old-fashioned seeming method of communication might still be used. Shortwave numbers stations might seem low-tech but they probably remain the best option for transmitting information to agents in the field, some espionage experts suggest.


More recently, there were several spy cases in the United States, related to Cuban numbers stations. In the 1998, the so-called Cuban Five from the Wasp Network spy ring, agents of the Cuban DGI (Direccin General de Inteligencia), received instructions by encrypted messages that were sent each day by the Cuban HF numbers station "Atencion".Revelations about the US National Security Agency's spying have provoked global outrage. But government snooping is nothing new, says Anthony Zurcher. Older software versions may just say About. Your machine number will then display on screen. Plugins. Open your plugin window on the computer you wish to unlock, then click the offline unlock button. This may be in a different location depending on your plugin When a Numbers Station is found there are some diligent souls who take it upon themselves to break out their radio gear and attempt to track the broadcast to its origin, but few are ever found. In the cases where a suspect site is located, no one has been waiting there to claim responsibility

Spy Numbers Stations - HFUndergroun

  1. The country’s broadcast-based EAS distribution system works as it should; there are areas for improvement
  2. Numbers stations are used to transmit coded messages to spies and is encrypted with a one-time pad. With the use of a one-time pad, there is no way to Each station is usually given a name depending on what is included in the broadcast. For example, G03 is given the name Gongs or Chimes since..
  3. Stream Tracks and Playlists from Number Station on your desktop or mobile device
  4. Numbers stations are mysterious shortwave radio stations, broadcasting streams of numbers or letters using the phonetic alphabet, by voice, Morse or digital tones. The messages are usually groups of four or five numbers or letters and are typically repeated by reading each group twice or repeating..
  5. After you activate 2-step verification, generate backup codes to use when you don't have access to your phone or phone number for any reason. Backup codes work like a texted verification code and come in handy when you change your phone number, your battery is dead, or your phone is lost or stolen
  6. Nevertheless, the numbers station’s ability to send secret information securely over large areas means that this form of shortwave communication likely has a secure future; even while other forms of analog broadcast are being supplanted by digital means.
  7. Lecture Numbers Stations Dutch HA... by Peter Staal 593 views. National Security Agency: De Geheim... by Peter Staal 775 views. 22. Andy TowerSpokesman British Department of Trade and Industry- 1997 These are what you suppose they are. People shouldn't be mystified by them

United States government evidence included the following three examples of decoded Atención messages. (Not reported whether the original clear texts were in Spanish, although the phrasing of "Day of the Woman" would indicate so.) Radio amateurs monitor these broadcasts and they sometimes give nicknames to a station, according to its typical introduction phrase (e.g. the Cuban "Atencion" station), prelude music (Swedish rhapsody) or language of the voice (Bulgarian Betty). Some stations are called counting stations, because of their introduction signal. An example is the Cuban "Atencion 1234567890".

Do Shortwave 'Numbers Stations' Really Instruct Spies

  1. Local number The local number is normally 7 or 8 numbers long, depending on the country. 64 9 9867 2134. What is the emergency phone in your country
  2. "Nobody has found a more convenient and expedient way of communicating with an agent," says Rupert Allason, an author specialising in espionage issues and writing under the pen name Nigel West.
  3. Most people have watched a spy film, but few have ever met someone from the intelligence community. So how close are real spies to the Bournes and the Bonds? Peter Taylor looks at the world of the modern day secret agent.

Intro and explanation of the use of the numbers stations and its

Generally, numbers stations follow a basic format, although there are many differences in details between stations. Transmissions usually begin on the hour or half-hour. does nobody know what number stations are (02-13-2017, 10:53 AM)HelloIAmSad Wrote: does nobody know what number stations are; or is google like also illiterate to this kind of thing Most numbers stations heard in North America transmit in Spanish. Other languages often heard include English, German, and scattered other languages such as Chinese and Russian. Almost all will use a woman's voice, although on rare occasions a man's voice might be used

Number Stations are shortwave radio stations that broadcast endless loops of seemingly nonsensical streams of number or letters and, at times, morse Why is it that in over 30 years, the phenomenon of Numbers Stations has gone almost totally unreported? What are the agencies behind the Numbers.. The content of the messages appear to be a random series of numbers without any logical order or meaning. It is confirmed in several uncovered spy cases that these seemingly random numbers are actually one-time-pad encrypted messages. Numbers messages were used extensively during the Second World War. The British Special Operations Executive (SOE), the American Office of Strategic Services (OSS) and many other wartime intelligence agencies used them to communicate with their espionage and sabotage teams, operating behind enemy lines. What is the maximum number of votes which can be cast in EVMs? Ans. An EVM being used by ECI can record a maximum of 2,000 votes. On counting day, votes recorded in both Control Units are counted to give the aggregate result of that polling station. Q7. Who has designed the EVMs Discovering Secret Numbers Stations. Posted date: December 19, 2016in: NewsNo Comments. Hunter - The amateur radio App for DX-enthusiasts Description DX-Hunter is an application for amateur radio operators, short wave listeners and all the people who want to know what is going on at the..

Shortwave number stations are often introduced with digital tones and electronic melodies that are alien to the ears but several of Number Station Italiana ascoltata in HF. V99 Italian numbers station, heard in Italy Although no government or legal broadcaster ever acknowledged any involvement in these broadcasts, it is obvious that the costs and organization of such large-scale illegal broadcasts can only be supported and approved by government agencies. Countries like Russia, China and the United States exploit large shortwave antenna parks in their own country and at their embassies abroad.After the prelude, there is usually an announcement of the number of number-groups in the message, the page to be used from the one-time pad, or other pertinent information. The groups are then recited. Groups are usually either four or five digits or radio-alphabet letters. The groups are typically repeated, either by reading each group twice, or by repeating the entire message as a whole. "The danger with a computer is that if you get caught, the data on it is still retrievable. Whereas with a one-time pad, you can eat it or flush it down the toilet," he says. More Like This. Numbers Stations. ◄ Prev 6 Next 6 ►. I must admit I was pleasantly surprised by The Numbers Station. Going on John Cusack's recent venture into silly, inconsequential direct to video thrillers without depth or heft, I expected a mind numbing cash grab with his moniker shamelessly..

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The late "Havana Moon" reported in his own publication The Numbers Factsheet in October 1990 that "one particularly dangerous station has been interfering with air to ground traffic on 6577 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz, a frequency allocated to international aeronautical communications in the busy Caribbean sector". "On at least one monitored transmission, the air traffic controller at ARINC moved the pilot to an alternate frequency as the numbers transmission was totally blocking the frequency from effective use". Each station is usually given a name depending on what is included in the broadcast.  For example, G03 is given the name “Gongs or Chimes” since its intro and outro signal includes the sounds of gongs.  Many Morse stations do not have nicknames though since they do not include anything specific that differs them from another.

Discovering Secret Numbers Stations. 3 yıl önce. Brian and Jason have been scanning the air waves for sstv signals for two months, but what they found was Ignite Buffalo 2013 - Numbers Stations are Everywhere. 6 yıl önce. By Kevin Purdy Help us caption & translate this video! amara.org/v/FG0K/ B. John wanted to know the same about his grandfather when he was young. What are John's questions? What, do you think, his grandfather answered Numbers stations are shortwave stations that broadcast cryptic messages that are widely assumed to be used for communications between nation states and spies. Start with this guide on how to run your own numbers station

Share Tweet Pinterest reddit Email Print Like this:Like Loading...Related Posts:Working at a numbers station, a story from a numbers…Recording and Instruction About the Cold War Era…Numbers Stations Listeners Starter GuideSpanish Language Numbers Station from 1966Unidentified Russian numbers broadcastNumber Stations times and frequencies In this section Numbers Stations English Language Stations Slavic Languages Stations German Language stations Various Language stations Morse code stations Digital Mode stations Follow NSRIC on Twiter  Discover the Russian UVB-76 also known as 'The Buzzer' number station! It features mysterious voices and noises which baffle radio enthusiasts. And some of them are really, really freaking weird. Disvover the creepy and unexplained UVB-76 broadcast. What is this strange noise

Number Stations are creepy. We always decorate our brothers house for Halloween since they always have a lot of kids trick or treating. When I first heard it there was some test kind of stuff, laughing, strange vocalizations. And then the guy said what are you buyin' your fat old lady for Valentine's Day A numbers station is a radio transmitter that broadcasts streams of apparently random numbers. But the messages, if any, within the broadcast numbers are obscure and indecipherable. It is highly probable that they do contain coded messages for operatives (spies) working in the field Enthusiasts might be fighting sceptics about the stations' real purpose, but what is certain is that they aren't a pure product of imagination. Simply put, numbers stations are shortwave radio stations that broadcast long strings of numbers, usually read by a synthesized female (or occasionally male) voice. It is generally assumed that the numbers are messages encoded using the one time pad technique, sent by intelligence agencies to..

Identifying and locatingedit

What are numbers stations? Officially, they aren't. The closest any government has come to acknowledging their existence was in a careful statement by a British These are what you suppose they are. People shouldn't be mystified by them. They're not, shall we say, for public consumption A third option is to go to NSRIC’s at www.numbers-stations.com or http://priyom.org, and tap into its archived and live numbers stations feeds. Train stations: how busy is yours? Victoria Station in 1927. Click image to embiggen. Photograph: Science & Society Picture Librar/SSPL via Getty Images. The total entries and exits is what gives you the number of people using the station

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Numbers Stations: history, description and images of numbers

Remember to put a space in-between each letter and number sequence (now supports common words there's still some missing, but they will be added bit by bit). If you have a shortwave radio, you might hear something like this as number stations are running around the world "In the same way spy tricks such as pretending to feed ducks around a pond might still exist, numbers stations still exist too," says Al Bolton, a radio amateur. "It is an old-fashioned means of communication but you have to think of security." The Numbers Station movie reviews & Metacritic score: A CIA black ops agent and the young woman he's assigned to protect fight for survival after a Once again, his professional ethics are tested, but how he deals the situation is what covered in the remaining parts. Its most certain that John Cusack.. Space stations photographed, on a command transmitted by radio from the Earth, the hidden side of the Moon and sent its pictures back to the Earth. 9. What are radio waves? Text 4. Telephone. Telephony is the transmitting of speech over a considerable distance by means of electric current.. A 1998 article in The Daily Telegraph quoted a spokesperson for the Department of Trade and Industry (the government department that, at that time, regulated radio broadcasting in the United Kingdom) as saying, "These numbers stations are what you suppose they are. People shouldn't be mystified by them. They are not for, shall we say, public consumption."

Numbers station — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI

  1. www.numbers-stations.com. News and media website · Non-governmental organisation (NGO) · Community. What classic cold war numbers station do you recognize here
  2. During numbers stations' heyday, you could expect to hear bleeps of Morse code, or a British voice reciting random numbers, or maybe the shrill serenade of children's music. To the untrained ear, it would sound random and strange, maybe a little chilling
  3. Spy Numbers Stations are shortwave radio stations that are speculated to have been broadcasting since World War I. The true origin and purpose of them are unknown. A popular theory is that these stations are intended for spies in the field using a One Time Pad
  4. A numbers station is a shortwave radio station characterized by broadcasts of formatted numbers, which are believed to be addressed to intelligence officers operating in foreign countries.[1] Most identified stations use speech synthesis to vocalize numbers, although digital modes such as..
  5. When the FBI recruited a source inside the Communist Party of the United States, it observed many coded messages sent by the Soviets to U.S. communists. The bureau decoded these messages, with decoding instructions it had received from the spy that had infiltrated the KGB, as seen in publicly released FBI files about “Operation Solo.” In 1983, the KGB uncovered CIA agent Alexander Ogorodnik, a Soviet diplomat who was receiving tasking from American numbers broadcasts. Another well-known case is the 2001 “Cuban Five” case in which Cuban spies were caught and shortwave broadcasts were used in the case against them. The numbers message was sent to the spies via radio and entered into a Toshiba laptop. Then it was decoded by a special floppy disk that contained the decode key. In 2013 a German couple was put on trial for spying for Russia and giving away military secrets. They, too, had received messages from shortwave and were actually caught while receiving one. Finally, the infamous Russian spy ring of 2010 was said to use “radiograms.” (In intel or military documents, you will not encounter the term “number station;” instead it will be “radiogram,” “radio message,” or “transmission.”)
  6. In the case of numbers stations and the evidence associated with them, “the most widely agreed upon theory is that they are operated by intelligence agencies,” said Bush. “This theory has been backed up by a number of cases where spies have been uncovered or arrested in the act of listening to or decoding these stations, and in a few rarer cases by declassified documents and government admissions of ownership.”
  7. The six numbers contained within each unique National Insurance number are a random sequence of numerals. These middle numbers are used by government departments like HMRC (Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs) and the DWP (Department of Work and Pensions)..

Numbers stations interfering with other broadcastsedit

Despite all the clues, no government has ever officially admitted or denied using numbers stations, nor have intelligence agencies. A numbers station is a shortwave radio station characterized by broadcasts of formatted numbers, which are believed to be addressed to intelligence officers operating in foreign countries. Most identified stations use speech synthesis to vocalize numbers.. News and Business Tech and Gear Columns and Views Global Show News Resource Center Calendar Subscribe About Us Contact Us Tags Advertise Privacy Policy California Privacy Rights Terms of Use Ad Choices Subscribe Privacy Settings Accessibility Statement .st0{fill:#FFFFFF;} .st1{fill:#075286;} .st2{clip-path:url(#SVGID_2_);} News & Business Tech & Gear Columns & Views Global Show News Resources Calendar Contact Subscribe Your browser is out-of-date! Update your browser to view this website correctly. Update my browser now

What are number stations and why are they so Yahoo Answer

Numbers stations aren’t spooky, nor are they a mystery — for many in the intelligence and military communities, they are daily tasks that serve the interests of their country. We can follow their work at least partially by listening to these transmissions. If you happen to hear them you will know that, as Bush put it, the “shadows of the state” are simply doing their daily work.These are mysterious signals that are found to be connected to possible number station activity or considered enigmatic in behavior and content. Usually suspected to be transmitted by government services.

What is a numbers station? - Quor

Some stations have also been stripped of their designation when they were discovered not to be a numbers station. This was the case for E22, which was discovered in 2005 to be test transmissions for All India Radio. These so-called numbers stations, say nothing about where they are transmitting from or who they are trying to reach, but they can be heard in Spanish, English, German, Russian, Chinese, and any number of other languages from around the world

What are Numbers Stations The SWLing Pos

  1. A 1950s SW to MW converter to receive messages from BND (West-German Intelligence) on a normal MW radio. In those days, commercial SW radios were not available in East Germany. Unfortunately, the converter was notorious for its unwanted and strong interference radiation. Detlev Vreisleben
  2. Shortwave numbers stations might seem low-tech but they probably remain the best option for transmitting information to agents in the field, some espionage Enthusiasts might be fighting sceptics about the stations' real purpose, but what is certain is that they aren't a pure product of imagination
  3. Commercial TV stations broadcast mostly entertainment programs because they must attract larger number of viewers in order to sell advertising time at high prices
  4. “The reason coded broadcasts started in World War I was not on a whim,” said Beaumont. “The British had dredged up the underwater telegraphic cables used by Germany and its allies and cut them, forcing the use of radio to send messages.”
  5. "It is a way of communicating securely between the Secret Intelligent Service and agents, and it is incomprehensible," says Philip Davies, a politics and history professor at the Brunel University in London.
  6. Some stations send more than one message during a transmission. In this case, some or all of the above process is repeated, with different contents.

Spy Radio: Numbers Stations

But if these signals can be heard all over the world, then, of course, the messages must be encrypted. This is where one-time pads come in. The one-time pad, the only mathematically unbreakable encryption system, is usually a sheet of paper with random numbers in groups of five or more digits. Typically, the letters of the message are converted into numbers and are added to numbers from the notepad using a simple mathematical operation known as “false addition.” The result is then transmitted. The recipient uses the same page from his own one-time pad and extracts the plain text message by applying “false subtraction” to the encrypted message. Shortwave numbers stations might seem low-tech but they probably remain the best option for transmitting information to agents in the field, some espionage Enthusiasts might be fighting sceptics about the stations' real purpose, but what is certain is that they aren't a pure product of imagination Most numbers stations use a basic format to send the streams of numbers or letters. Some stations broadcast every day at a fixed hour, and disappear after a few days or weeks. Other stations have an irregular time schedules and appear and disappear over time. One of the most regular numbers stations ever was the Lincolnshire Poacher (E3 Voice), named after the English folk song that was used as its interval signal. After transmitting the very recognizable melody and a call-sign for about ten minutes, the message was sent by an electronic English-accented female voice in groups of five figures. The station aired every day from the 1970s until 2008. A simple small shortwave radio was sufficient to capture the Lincolnshire Poacher. It is believed that the station broadcast from the RAF Akrotiri basis in Cyprus and that is was operated by the British Secret Intelligence Service. Unfortunately, the world of radio waves lost a true Cold War icon when the station went off-air in 2008. Its Asian sister station Cherry Ripe however is still active.

But espionage was not the only explanation posited. Some people have even argued that the phenomenon was an elaborate prank. But the scale of the stations - multiple frequencies in different languages - makes that explanation seem far-fetched. Fernandez notes that any prankster would need to buy millions of pounds of radio transmitters. How is it possible and how accurate is it to track down the origin of radio signals used by number stations that emit all around the world (and, as a bonus $\begingroup$ The sources for Cold War numbers stations were known. Direction finding and photo coverage (aerial or satellite) could identify.. The "Atención" station of Cuba became the world's first numbers station to be officially and publicly accused of transmitting to spies. It was the centerpiece of a United States federal court espionage trial following the arrest of the Wasp Network of Cuban spies in 1998. The U.S. prosecutors claimed the accused were writing down number codes received from Atención, using Sony hand-held shortwave receivers, and typing the numbers into laptop computers to decode spying instructions. The FBI testified that they had entered a spy's apartment in 1995, and copied the computer decryption program for the Atención numbers code. They used it to decode Atención spy messages, which the prosecutors unveiled in court. This 10-digit number is your confirmation number. The figures simply do not add up in director Kasper Barfoed's sleepy-eyed spy thriller The Numbers Station. Inexplicably stillborn and predictable, The Numbers Station struggles mightily to incorporate a sense of slow burn thrills Number Stations. In short, a numbers station is a short wave radio broadcast transmitting an incomprehensible series of letters or numbers believed to be part of secret instructions to undercover operatives. The idea would be that spies working undercover could use easily attainable short wave..

In 1988 Vaclav Jelinek, a Czech StB spy who operated under the false identity of Erwin van Haarlem, was arrested by British Special Branch detectives while receiving a numbers message on a shortwave radio in his London apartment. One-time pads were found on microfilm, hidden in bars of soap. The pads enabled the detectives to decipher some of the received messages, which were later used in court. Jelinek was sentenced to ten years of imprisonment.The one-way shortwave broadcast has many advantages for Intelligence agencies. Powerful shortwave transmitters reflect their signal many times between the earth's surface and the ionosphere, carrying them over very long distances. This enables Intelligence agencies to send messages to agents located in far away countries. The many reflections also make it difficult to accurately locate the transmitter and find out who is broadcasting. The enormous, almost global range of shortwave makes it impossible to identify the country of destination, let alone the person who receives the message. Places in the town. Train station / railway station - you can get a train here. Take the number 31 bus and get off at the second stop. A: Can you tell me the way to the nearest bank, please? I need a cash machine GSTIN Number - Understand the structure of your unique GST Number i.e. GSTIN or Goods & Service Tax Identification Number and know how to apply for GSTIN to access the Government Portal. GSTIN, known as GST Identification Number, is assigned to every GST registered person

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The mysterious world of 'numbers stations' and why Globalnews

  1. A numbers station is a shortwave radio station characterized by broadcasts of formatted numbers, which are believed to be addressed to intelligence officers... Stuff You Should Know - What is a Numbers Station? Shortwave Radio Oddity Roundup. Number station documentary - Tracking..
  2. In 1962, Soviet GRU Colonel Oleg Penkovsky was arrested by the KGB and charged with espionage. During a search of his Moscow apartment, the KGB found one-time pads, instructions on how to receive and decipher encrypted radio messages, including a letter-to-digit checkerboard and a Morse cut numbers table, a shortwave radio, a Minox camera and other spy equipment, cleverly hidden inside a secret compartment in his desk.
  3. Hi, here again with another question. For example if a student says to her/his teacher...Please question number 4 and she or he didn't hear it. How is the question: what number do you say? or which number do you say
  4. Numbers stations are often given nicknames by enthusiasts, often reflecting some distinctive element of the station such as their interval signal. For example, the "Lincolnshire Poacher", formerly one of the best known numbers stations (generally thought to be run by SIS, as its transmissions have been traced to RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus), played the first two bars of the folk song "The Lincolnshire Poacher" before each string of numbers.
  5. © 2020 Future Publishing Limited, Quay House, The Ambury, Bath BA1 1UA. All rights reserved. England and Wales company registration number 2008885.
  6. Application of spectrum analysis to numbers station signals has revealed the presence of data bursts, RTTYRadio TeleTYpe-modulated subcarriers, phase-shifted carriers, and other unusual transmitter modulations like polytones. (RTTYRadio TeleTYpe-modulated subcarriers were also present on some U.S. commercial radio transmissions during the Cold War.)
  7. g attempts. Despite this targeting, many numbers stations continue to broadcast unhindered. Historical examples of jam

Soviet diplomat Aleksandr Dmitrievich Ogorodnik (codename TRIGON and TRIANON) was recuited by the CIA in 1970. The one-time pad, shown on the right, was used by Ogorodnik to decrypt messages, broadcast by the CIA from Wast Germany. More information on Penkovski and Ogorodnik at the webpage of Andrei Sinelnikov (translation), on numbers-stations.com and on my blog about TRIGON and his CIA case officer Martha Peterson.The messages are broadcast on very powerful shortwave transmitters with frequencies ranging from 3,000 to 30,000 KHz. The numbers or letters are spoken in many different languages, usually a female voice, but sometimes male or those of children. Many of the broadcasts are mysterious mechanically or electronically generated voices. The stations often use introduction signals as a beacon, prior to a actual message. These repeating phrases, electronic sounds or music enable the receiver to adjust his radio to the desired frequency. In recent years, many numbers stations switched from voice or Morse to digital tones. This procedure is simple, yet highly effective: The message can only be decoded by a third party if they get access to recipients’ one-time pads. This is sometimes possible for counterintelligence, either using double agents or by arresting the recipient, most likely while he is receiving the signal. A number of events in the 20th century have proven that intelligence agencies do, in fact, use these signals.This doesn’t mean that receiving instructions via numbers stations is a perfect form of communications for spies, because it isn’t. Spies can get caught if the authorities see them listening to numbers broadcasts, as has occasionally happened.

Number Stations • Damn Interestin

A BBC frequency, 7325 kHzKiloHertz (kHz) 10^3 Hz, has also been used. This prompted a letter to the BBC from a listener in Andorra. She wrote to the World Service Waveguide programme complaining that her listening had been spoiled by a female voice reading out numbers in English and asked the announcer what this interference was. The BBC presenter laughed at the suggestion of spy activity. He had consulted the experts at Bush House (BBC World Service headquarters), who declared that the voice was reading out nothing more sinister than snowfall figures for the ski slopes near the listener's home. After more research into this case, shortwave enthusiasts are fairly sure that this was a numbers station being broadcast on a random frequency. Therefore, there is little risk of exposing the secret agent who receives a message. A simple commercial shortwave world-receiver can pick up a messages and the agent doesn't need a compromising special receiver or crypto equipment. He can easily carry and hide a large number of one-time pads in small booklets or on microfilm, and the manual one-time pad system, although slow and elaborate, requires nothing more than a pencil and paper. Therefore, numbers stations are an ideal method of covert one-way communication to illegal agents abroad. The number sequence was followed by a series of standard telephone touchtone sounds, and then finally, a busy signal. The original poster of this subject remarked that, This reminds me a little of the one-time pad encrypted number stations governments use on shortwave

Number Stations

In 2006, Florida International University professor Carlos Alvarez and his wife Elsa Alvarez were charged with espionage and acting as agents for Cuba. The US District Court Florida stated: "Defendants would receive assignments via shortwave radio transmissions. These messages were encoded in five-digit groupings. Once received, Defendants would input these coded messages into their home computer, which was equipped with decryption technology contained on a diskette" More in the Alvarez sentencing.A standard commercial shortwave receiver, ideal to covertly receive numbers messages. If discovered, this radio will not arouse any suspicion.At the rate of one spoken number per character per second, each of these sentences takes more than a minute to transmit.

Almost all number stations include a few common elements which are the ID, group count, and message.  The ID is the group of numbers that indicates who the message is intended for, the group count is how many groups of 4 or 5 digit numbers that are sent in the message, and the message is what the recipient is ultimately going to decode to get his or her orders from.  Every transmission usually has an intro or end phrase, such as “ende” or will just end with numbers (ex. 000 000). Many early numbers stations used Morse code or an actual person's speaking voice, but today most numbers stations use automated voices like you hear when you call information on the telephone. Today many of the numbers stations are switching to single side band For readers who are now wishing to tune into numbers stations, making your first direct contact with spycraft is easy. Just get a shortwave radio and scan around the dial. You can even tune in using a remote-controlled shortwave radio over the web, at the free site www.globaltuners.com.It has been reported that the United States used numbers stations to communicate encoded information to persons in other countries. There are also claims that State Department operated stations, such as KKN50 and KKN44, used to broadcast similar "numbers" messages or related traffic.

“Voice (numbers) stations are known to be spy messages,” said Paul Beaumont. He is an associate editor of Eye Spy Intelligence Magazine, an independent publication dedicated to espionage and intelligence. “For instance, V02 in Spanish was used to instruct Ana Belen Montes,” Beaumont said. 8 users here now. Number station E18. created by 511819-300357a community for 8 years. message the moderators. Numbers Stations moving to Dark Web? (self.numberstations). submitted 8 days ago by alexneurose. 13 comments Numbers stations are also acknowledged for espionage purposes in Robert Wallace and H. Keith Melton's Spycraft: They do this day and night on a wide range of frequencies and it's been going on for decades, yet no single private, commercial or government agency ever stepped forward to officially confirm that they are responsible for these strange broadcasts of numbers. However, today there is enough evidence that Intelligence agencies use these numbers stations, also called one-way voice link, to send encrypted operational messages and instructions to their agents in covert operations abroad.The first known use of numbers stations was during World War I, and the first possible listener was Anton Habsburg of Austria. The numbers were transmitted in Morse code. The Ministry of the Interior Czech Republic|Czech Ministry of Interior and the Swedish Security Service have both acknowledged the use of numbers stations by Czechoslovakia for espionage, with declassified documents proving the same. With a few exceptions, no QSL card responses have been received from numbers stations by shortwave listeners who sent reception reports to said stations, which is the expected behavior of a non-clandestine station.

Be warned: After hearing your first numbers station, your personal experience of espionage will move from fiction to nonfiction. The spies are out there, they are broadcasting, and you will have heard them! Since higher-numbered stations have priority over lower-numbered stations, a continuous stream of Suppose k stations are contending for channel access. Each has a probability p of transmitting during each slot. What is the probability of some station successfully acquiring the channel The speculated transmission site of “The Swedish Rhapsody” numbers station in Falenty, Poland.Credit: Lewis Bush, “Shadows of the State.”"Their sole purpose is for intelligence agencies to communicate with their agents in denied areas - a territory where it is difficult to use a consensual form of communications," Allason says.

CIA one-time pad, used by Aleksandr Ogorodnik. Source: KGB Archives Shortwave Numbers Stations are a perfect method of anonymous, one way communication. Spies located anywhere in the world can be communicated Why is it that in over 30 years, the phenomenon of Numbers Stations has gone almost totally unreported? What are the agencies behind the.. Unlike other aspects of the Cold War era, the numbers stations didn't leave a lasting impression on popular culture. "It is a dry subject until you listen to them," Fernandez says.

Government agencies are reluctant to admit operating any numbers stations, and so there are almost no confirmations of any government running them other than the Polish Institute of National Remembrance. Although there have been several cases where spies had been arrested such as the Cuban Five who were arrested for spying since they had received and decoded messages from Cuban numbers stations. There has also been the case of a Russian couple who were arrested for decoding Russian polytones from XPA. Numbers stations are radio stations that utilize shortwave signals to transmit broadcasts that consist primarily of a voice stating a series of numbers without other instruction or indication of purpose

Accepting only Mainland Chinese citizens, Guangzhou South Railway Station Number One Apartment is set in the Panyu district in Guangzhou, only 200 metres... What are marketing cookies For example, the well-known, defunct Lincolnshire Poacher station has the designation E3 (or E03); the Cuban "Atención" station has designation V2 (or V02). The most recent station to be given a designation is the Vietnamese language station V30. Finally, after all the messages have been sent, the station will sign off in some characteristic fashion. Usually it will simply be some form of the word "end" in whatever language the station uses (e.g., "End of message; End of transmission", "Ende", "Fini", "Final", "конец"). Some stations, especially those thought to originate from the former Soviet Union, end with a series of zeros, e.g., "00000" "000 000"; others end with music or other sounds.

My Nexus 4 is now updated to Android lollipop 5.1 with build number LMY47D. The L, I understand signifies Lollipop. but how does the rest come into picture To save time, check out a website like www.hfunderground.com to find numbers stations to tune into. Another good bet for frequencies and general information is the United Kingdom’s ENIGMA 2000 [European Numbers Information Gathering & Monitoring Association] at www.apul64.dsl.pipex.com/enigma2000.

From 1945 to 1956, the CIA and the British Secret Intelligence Service dispatched agents to support anti-Soviet guerrillas in the Baltic States, Belarus, and Ukraine. Most were captured with their radio transmitters and code books. The KGB used these codes to force captured agents to send signals back to their masters to lure more agents. In 1988, the KGB showed off these codebooks and transmitters in a TV movie called “The Game”.In the 2010 raids on a Russian spy ring in the US, court papers alleged that they had used "coded radio transmissions and encrypted data", a hint that they might have received their orders via shortwave numbers stations. Are numbers stations still useful in this age of global communications, Internet and satellite links? Yes! The so-called end of the Cold War did not bring a significant decrease in espionage activities. In the contrary, the Cold War is merely replaced by a Cold Peace where espionage is booming. In today's world, with the globalization of economics, politics and conflicts without borders, covert and illegal agents of Eastern, Western, Asian and Far East countries still operate extensively in each others countries to gather Intelligence and run operations. They still need a secure way to receive their operational instructions and messages. However, today, all modern communication systems are controlled by computers and are therefore by definition insecure. 4 How many television stations are there in the USA? 5 Who watches about 40000 commercials a year? 3 What are the biggest TV broadcasting networks in the USA “It’s a rather safe way to send coded messages, unless you are observed listening to them,” said Goldmanis. “You don’t need a large clunky radio. It’s even possible to listen these stations on the internet using remote software defined radio, and that is what we hobbyists do.”

One of the “best known” numbers stations was “The Lincolnshire Poacher,” due to its use of “The Lincolnshire Poacher” folk song played on a pipe organ as an identifying signal. Amateur radio enthusiasts used direction-finding equipment to locate this station’s transmission location to the RAF base in Akrotiri, Cyprus. This station is believed to have been operated by MI6 from the mid-1970s to 2008, using several curtain-array shortwave antennas. Shortwave Numbers Stations are a perfect method of anonymous, one way communication. spies located anywhere in the world can be communicated Why is it that in over 30 years, the phenomenon of Numbers Stations has gone almost totally unreported? What are the agencies behind the.. Even North Korea has apparently gone into the spy station business, with one key difference. The dictatorship’s domestic radio service KCBS Pyongyang Pangsong has been noted to sometimes transmit ‘maths lessons,’ which it has been suggested are in fact numbers messages,” Bush said. Whether they are intended for real agents or are simply intended to unnerve South Korea and its allies is unclear. According to Beaumont, this numbers station is known as V15, and “decoded sheets [associated with tuning to its signals] have been recovered.”

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